When kids go back to school, they certainly will spend time learning the three Rs, but what about the three Es?

When kids go back to school, they certainly will spend time learning the three Rs, but what about the three Es?

For all their proficiency at texting, gaming and social networking, many young people skim the surface of technology and are unable to extract, evaluate and express new information. These three skills are crucial in an age of TMI (too much information). The facts your children learn this year are likely to be obsolete before they finish school. The ability to access, critique and share information will be valuable for the rest of their lives.

The advantages to being E-literate are huge. People who have these skills can laser in on the information they need to make good decisions about everything from movie reviews to medical treatment, and from college courses to vacation destinations. They also are less likely to be taken by the foolish or fraudulent information that is so prevalent online. Equally important, young people who have these skills are more employable - over half of the jobs in the U.S. need "knowledge workers," people who get paid to access, apply and generate information.

Teachers and librarians in many school districts are working hard to identify and teach these skills partially because a test of tech literacy will be part of the National Educational Assessment starting in 2012. Of course, there's debate about what such a test should cover. Most educators agree that it has to go beyond technical details - how to use a search engine or fill in a spreadsheet - to cover critical thinking such as knowing which search results are credible and why to use a spreadsheet in the first place.

Several private organizations already have suggestions about how to evaluate tech literacy. I-Skills, a test offered by the Educational Testing Service, is being used by universities and employers to evaluate how quickly students can identify relevant and accurate information.

A typical question asks students to use a search engine to identify treatment options for a family member who has been diagnosed with a serious illness. Parents who are curious about what younger children should be learning at different ages can find useful guidelines from the Society for Technology in Education (tinyurl.com/2jga2m) and Learning.com (learning. com/tla/modules.htm).
Although ideas about tech literacy differ in the details, they all boil down to three Es that students should learn at school and at home.

The first step to finding information is figuring out what you want to know. Encourage your child to ask questions about interests ranging from what pet turtles eat to what the rules are for new drivers in your state. Once you've clarified the question, help your child think of the best way to track down the answer.

Talk about the advantages and disadvantages of various sources such as books, newspapers, and websites. Compare results from search engines including Google, Yahoo and Bing. Talk about the differences between reference works that are written by experts (Encarta.com) and those that are produced by collaboration among strangers (Wikipedia.com). Ask your child's teacher or your local librarian to identify portals that will simplify the search for information in specific subject areas (or visit ala.org/greatsites).

Critical thinking is the single most important skill a young person can have in the age of information overload. Talk to your child about a person's point of view and how it affects the reliability of information. How can you find out who produced information, especially on websites? What are his or her credentials?

Some authors such as reporters, researchers or teachers are trying to make an unbiased presentation of facts. Others have an agenda. Help your child figure out what it is. Do they want money, a vote, cooperation, respect? Teach your child to be skeptical, not cynical. In a free society people can say whatever they want. It's up to your child to evaluate information by asking hard questions: What's the evidence? Does this make sense? What's the other side of the story?

Writing a report, making a Power Point presentation, or taking a test may still be a valid way of determining if a student has mastered new information, but that's only the beginning. A recent survey from Speak Up found that many young people now have to "power down" when they go to school.

Teachers and parents should unleash that power by encouraging students to express what they have learned through social networking groups, photo sharing, spreadsheets, video blogs, CAD (computer-aided design) projects, interactive games and virtual worlds.

Students don't need anyone to teach them these technologies, but they do need adults to help them deepen their thinking. Encourage your child to consider the pros and cons of various forms of expression. Who is the audience? What is the message? Will collaboration make the project better? How can you be sure everyone gets credit for their ideas?

The three Es should, of course, be embodied in every school's curriculum, and parents should encourage teachers and school boards to make these skills a priority. Still, considering how critical information management will be in the years to come, parents also should take every opportunity to help their kids extract, evaluate and express at home.